The Zika Virus – Transmission, Symptoms, and Treatment

American College of Physicians pic

American College of Physicians
Image: acponline.org

After completing his infectious disease fellowship at Harvard Medical School, Robert Hindes, MD, has been involved in disease treatment and prevention for decades. Passionate about clinical research, Robert Hindes, MD, is a member of the American College of Physicians, which recently published news on the zika virus.

The zika virus broke out in Brazil in early 2015 and has spread to other parts of South America. There have been signs of transmission from travellers coming from these regions. The zika virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of an Aedes mosquito; risk of person-to-person transmission may exist through sexual activity and blood transfusions.

Approximately one out of every five people infected with the virus present symptoms of illness. Common symptoms of the disease include rash, fever, conjunctivitis, joint pain, muscle pain, and headaches. It is not clear how long it takes for the first symptoms to appear after exposure to the virus.

There is no specific cure for the disease. Persons with zika are advised to drink plenty of fluids, rest, and take over-the-counter medicine to relieve any pain or fever.

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